Detecting Lateral Movement via Service Configuration Manager
Using Endpoint & Network telemetry to hunt for remote service usage for lateral movement


It is possible to use Service Configuration Manager for executing fileless lateral movement, which is explained in SCShell by @MrUn1k0d3r and SharpNoPSExec by @JulioUrena tools repository that were used in this demo to simulate this type of attacks. "So instead of creating a service it simply remotely open a service and modify the binary path name via the ChangeServiceConfigA API."
Both tools rely on ChangeServiceConfigA API call to change the Image Path of the service configuration :
result = ChangeServiceConfig(serviceInfo.serviceHandle, SERVICE_NO_CHANGE, SERVICE_DEMAND_START, 0, options.payload, null, IntPtr.Zero, null, null, null, null);
โ€‹SharpNoPSExec will query all services and randomly pick one with a start type disable or manual, the current status stopped and with LocalSystem privileges to reuse them.

The attack

Showing bellow the simulation using SCShell tool where you have to specify the service name you wanna use, in my case I used the default arguments provided with the tool XblAuthManager.

Endpoint Telemetry

On the target system we noticed these endpoint events
Event ID 5154 :
    A network share object was checked to see whether client can be granted desired access
    Relative Target Name : svcctl
    Share Name : \\*\IPC$
Event ID 13 :
    Registry Value Set
    TargetObject : HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\<servicename>\ImagePath
Event ID 1:
    Process created
    Process Name : cmd.exe
    Process Parent Name : services.exe

Network Telemetry

In this threat hunting lab we used Zeek event logs to observe network events generated such an attack.
DCERPC Protocol :
    DCE-RPC Operation : QueryServiceConfigA followed by ChangeServiceConfigA
    DCE-RPC Endpoint : svcctl

EQL Detections



To see more details, I provided bellow a PCAP capture of the attack.
PCAP Lateral Movement via SCManager


ChangeServiceConfigA function (winsvc.h) - Win32 apps
Last modified 6h ago